law questions


Module 7 Discussion 1


In 250 words, discuss how Universal Access to health care would impact the US healthcare system. Reference at least 2 scholarly sources.



  1. Explain the confidentiality rules of defense attorneys, and some situations where they may be able to disclose confidential information.
  2. Compare the potential conflicts of interest of defense attorneys and those of prosecutors.
  3. List and describe the functions of jury consultants and why they are criticized.
  4. Describe the different factors that are acceptable and unacceptable for prosecutors to consider when making the decision to charge or what to charge.
  5. List the types of information that can be disclosed to the media and the information that should not be revealed to the media by prosecutors



10th Justice; Employee Arbitration Agreements
all organizations in the country employ people. Employment laws impact everyone, regardless if you are actively employed or not. As employers continue to control costs associated with claims from employees, employers have commonly turned to arbitration agreements. These agreements normally require employees to waive any right or protection afforded by joining a class action and instead forces each individual employee to take the claims before an individual arbitration. The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) decided this year in Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis by a narrow margin of 5-4 that employers could enforce these arbitration agreements.
In your assignment this week please explain why the court got this correct AND explain why the court was wrong. Lastly, if you were the 10th justice how would you vote and why?

This link should provide you with details on the case:
Click on the left hand side under “Opinions” for full details.
Your paper should be 400-500 words.

Answer the following question:

An employee of the army while on assignment with a contrator alleged she was raped by a group of coworkers while she was on an assignment in Iraq. The sexual assualt took place in the employee’s bedroom in the barracks provided to her by her employer during a time when she was off-duty. Prior to accepting the assignment, she signed an agreement to use a dispute resolution process culminating in arbitration for legal claims “related to her employment including any and all personal injury claim(s) arising in the workplace.”

Discuss whether the arbitration agreement prevents this employee from suing her employer for allowing the assault to occur.
See, Jones v. Halliburton Co. d/b/a KBR Kellog Brown & Root, 583 F.3d 228 (5th Cir. 2009)
Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format.


Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words:
This week covered the different levels of policing agencies and the roles they have. There are some laws that are more challenging to enforce than others.
Research and share a law that is challenging to enforce in Georgia. What makes it so challenging? What would you do to police that law?


You own a convenience store and you have been robbed numerous times in the recent past. On Friday night, about 15 minutes before closing, a male comes in and seems to be just walking around the store and appears to be suspicious. He has his right hand in his pocket. As the male approaches the counter you grab your handgun and shoot him dead. The police arrive, investigate and arrest you for murder. The item the male was holding was his cell phone.
Your defense attorney mounts a self-defense case on your behalf. Describe the elements of self- defense that your defense attorney will argue on your behalf. Then, provide an argument as to why you will or will not prevail in court.
Describe the elements of self-defense that your defense attorney will argue on your behalf. Then, provide an argument as to why you will or will not prevail in court.
The assignment shall be in APA format, typed in 12 font Times New Roman, and shall not have been turned in previously to any other instructor for any other course or assignment. Paper length is 1-2 pages not to include the cover page or bibliography. It is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word Document. The assignment shall be an individual effort and not a group project. Since criminal justice is a social science, the writing requirements of the American Psychological Association, otherwise known as the APA, will be in effect for the research paper assignment.


-100% Original Work.

Graduate Level Writing Required.

DUE: Friday, April 3, 2020 by 5pm Eastern Standard Time.

Identify and research an organization that combats internet crimes against people. (((Examples of such crimes include: human trafficking,


When discussing search and seizures or search warrants the individuals constitutional rights are the first thing that comes to mind most considerable the fourth amendment which states “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” Therefore, as stated in the fourth amendment no warrants shall be issued unless probable cause is present. To receive a search warrant the officers must support their showings with sworn statements (Legal Information Institute, n.d.) Therefore, a search warrant is needed once the officers believe there is probable cause and only after they submit sworn statements and are approved by a judge to execute the search warrant. Law enforcement must have probable cause to demonstrate to a judge that they have enough suspicion to receive a search warrant. The only policy and practice required by the court to attempt to receive a search warrant is the presence of probable cause (Bowers, 2014).
The exceptions to search warrants include searches incident to an arrest, consent searches, vehicle searches, container searches, and emergency circumstances (AMU Lesson 3, 2020). Searches incident to an arrest allows a warrantless search of an arrested individual so that officer is safe, the suspect cannot escape, and to preserve evidence.

respond to this discussion question in 100 words


Help me to write two Discussion answers. Each one least 100 words and write great quality . you need to read the congress and its member Chapter 8&9 first.

Question 4 (( 350 words ))
Mr. Ibrahim and his friends started working towards forming anLLC  and submitted their application for the formation.  They decided to have a total Share Capital contribution to RO. 15,000 and also had intentions to have additional RO. 6,000 raised by public subscription; but maintained all details confidential. The application  was analyzed carefully  by the team involved in registration and rejected the same on the grounds of  incompleteness.  The committee further added that norms are not met and hence asked Mr. Ibrahim to comply with  all requirements with a time period of 6 months or to bear the after effects.

Answer the following:
a) Analyse the facts related to the case.??????        (4 Marks)

b) Discuss the reasons for rejection of the application  by the Authorities with reference to Oman Commercial Company Law ?  ?????   ?   (4 Marks)

c) Discuss the after effects of non-compliance with the rules  of formation.   (2 Marks)


Question 1: Was the arrest of Mayo a legal arrest? Discuss why. Please include the components of a reasonable arrest and whether or not they were met with Mayo.
Looking at the data we have I think that the Mr. Mayo arrest was legal as the officer had probable cause.  He has the dead body of Mr. Scowen to know the crime had occurred, he had witnesses’ statements and then the officer had Mr. Mayo’s gun that was used in the crime. (“Arrest,” n.d.)  Due to the probable cause a warrantless arrest is legitimate and did not violate the fourth amendment.
Question 2: Did law enforcement need an arrest warrant prior to arresting Mayo? Discuss why. Make sure to support your thoughts.
NO, as stated earlier due to the probable cause I don’t feel like the officer needed a warrant to conduct an arrest of Mr. Mayo.  That doesn’t mean the Mr. Mayo is guilty but the probable cause allows the officer arrest Mr. Mayo.  To make sure the warrantless arrest stay valid the officer will have to show probable cause that justified making that decision.  The suspect is however, entitled to a judicial determination within approximately 48 hours. (“Arrest,” n.d.)
Question 3: Can law enforcement seize the broken beer bottle and the gun without a search warrant?
Yes, because they are in plain view of the officers while they are securing the crime scene.  Therefore there is no need for a search warrant to be attained for the officer to gather the evidence.  I thought that maybe there would be a “crime scene” exception for gathering evidence.  However, I found there is not, in fact the Supreme Court argued just because a homicide is committed at the location doesn’t mean a warrantless search is valid and that a search warrant should be attained. (

respond to this discussion question in 100 words


Regular stretching exercises promote flexibility, a component of fitness that permits freedom of movement, contributes to ease and economy of muscular effort, allows for successful performance of certain activities, and provides less susceptibility to some types of injuries or musculoskeletal problems. What are some advantages and disadvantages to stretching? What guidelines would you propose?


During your meeting with Harry, he advised that he is considering working outside of Australia for an extended period. Advise Harry on residence issues for Australian taxations purposes. In addition to referring to the four relevant tests (including reference to relevant cases for each test) ensure you refer to Harding v Commissioner of Taxation [2019] FCAFC 29. This part of the case study should take the format of a formal advice to Harry (“IRAC”).


100% Original Work.

Graduate Level Required.

DUE: Friday, April 10, 2020 by 5pm Eastern Standard Time.

This is a team assignment, I only require the following:

Create a 5 slide (Plus one for references, six total slides) preventative measures powerpoint, including security precautions, that could be put into place  for the mayor based on cyber crimes outlined in attached scenario.

-Each slide should discuss a single preventative measure, including security precautions, recommendations, and why it is important & effective.

No less than 4 bullets per slide, no more than 6 bullets per slide.

Provide 100-150 words per slide of comprehensive speaker notes. The notes should read as if, you, were presenting out loud.

-Format consistent with APA guidelines.

-Include relevant images if required.

-Provide at least 3 Academic / Scholarly references.

-Must Be Graduate Level Writing.

-100% Original Work.


State Assignments for State Governance Structure PowerPoint
Below, you will be assigned a state to use for his/her State Governance Structure assignment.

STATE Assigned: Maryland

Please follow Every SIngle Instruction in the Attachment. with respect to formating. No second Submission Allowed.  THE Powerpoint Presentation should have a formal theme

3 PEER Responses will be Required later after I post the Assignment.
I will pay upfront for the Peer Responses but will upload later.


The PPT should highlight what you have learned about your topic and present that information in a visually appealing, informative way. (The best way to think about the PPT is to imagine you work for any agency that wants to give a presentation within the community regarding one of the above topics – you need to create a presentation that grabs the audience’s attention, provides important knowledge, and demonstrates the need to learn for your topic). Each group member will be responsible for a minimum of 5 content slides each (this does not include title, closing, references, pictures/videos, etc) – therefore, if you are in a group of 5, you should have at least 25 slides minimum.  There should be one PPT submission per group.
Your PPT should include all of the following Titles:

Goals/Objectives of Presentation
Definition of Important Terms
Why is this important
What is being done to remedy or educate (e.g. prevention/intervention)
Along with any other information you believe is needed.


Imagine that a friend tells you about their idea to start a sports therapy clinic which they plan to operate as a sole proprietorship. Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words:

What benefits and risks would you advise your friend to be aware of?


Assignment-2-Ethical principles in Healthcare Research.pdf
Research Article Review
Below mentioned points should be cover in conducting Research Article Review:
Title of the Article:
1. Introduction
2. Target Audience
3. Content (Purpose, significance)
4. Analysis tool
5. Research Methodology
6. Strengths
7. Weaknesses
8. Conclusion
9. Suggestion / recommendation to cope up with the weaknesses


INSTRUCTIONS: Post must be original, cited and will be submitted to TURN-IT-IN. Due Sunday 03/22/20 by 3pm

The presumption level of DUI was initially set at .10 mg/dL, but over the past few years, most jurisdictions have dropped that level to .08 mg/dL. Now, some states are considering .05 mg/dL as; the presumptive legal BAC. Do you agree with this move?


Did the police have probable cause to arrest Mayo?
Yes, based on the information given, police had enough probable cause to place Mayo under arrest. Just as was stated in forum one, the information that the arresting officer had would lead a reasonable and prudent man to believe a crime had taken place.  Between the witness statements that matched the evidence found on scene, a reasonable man would believe that Mayo shot and killed Scowen.
Did law enforcement violate Mayo’s constitutional rights? If yes, explain how. If not, explain why.
With the information provided, Mayo’s rights were no violated. Just because he was not read Miranda at the time of arrest, doesn’t mean his rights weren’t violated.
Were the police required to read Mayo his Miranda rights? Discuss why.
Miranda is required to be read to a detainee once lawfully detained or arrested but prior to interview. Miranda is not required based off the arrest alone. I would lawfully arrest 100 people and never read them their Miranda and would be completely fine. A suspect can make statements that can be used against them in court without Miranda as long as an officer didn’t elicit the response. The statement is called a Res Gestae statement.

respond to this discussion question in 100 words



Can ethical principles and policies that serve as the bases for public health laws mutually and simultaneously co-exist? Please discuss.
250-275 words, scholarly sources provided
Scholarly sources:
Ortmann, L. W., Barrett, D. H., Saenz, C., Bernheim, R. G., Dawson, A., Valentine, J. A., & Reis, A. (2016). Public Health Ethics: Global Cases, Practice, and Context. Public Health Ethics Analysis Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe, 3-35. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-23847-0_1
Rajczi, A. (2016). Liberalism and public health ethics. Bioethics, 30(2), 96-108. Available in the Trident Online Library.
Spike, J. P. (2018). Principles for public health ethics. Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health, 4, 13-20. Available in the Trident Online Library.



There are certain promises that are not considered consideration.

As a business owner or stakeholder, how can you ensure that your contracts are enforceable?
Think back to the Lambert case that we discussed in the Unit 5 Discussion. What should Lambert have done differently?


IRAC Assignment #2
Subway advertises and sells foot-long sandwiches. Because of the recession caused by CONVID-19, the CEO of Subway decides that instead of raising the prices of the foot-long sandwiches, he would make the sandwiches 11 inches instead of 12 inches, and still call them “foot-long” sandwiches. He was determined that no customer would realize 1 inch difference. This adjustment would lower food costs by over $1 million per year, based on the over 8 million foot-long sandwiches Subway sells worldwide.
Jack, a long time customer of Subway, buys a foot-long sandwich and realizes that the sandwich is shorter then normal (only 11 inches). Jack comes to you office and wants to file a fraudulent misrepresentation lawsuit against Subway.
You MUST use the 5-element rule. The textbook breaks the rule for Fraudulent Misrepresentation into 5 separate elements.  This information can be found in Chapter 6, on page 120,  under heading “Fraudulent Misrepresentation”, where the author states “The tort includes several elements:” and lists all five elements of the rule.  These 5 elements make up the rule for fraudulent misrepresentation.  Please note that all 5 elements make up the one rule that students must use.  These are not separate rules, they are the five elements that make up the ONE rule for fraudulent misrepresentation.  Note that the sentence “involves intentional deceit for personal gain” is NOT after “The tort includes several elements”,  therefore if I see the words,: “involves intentional deceit for personal gain”, your grade on this assignment will be deducted by 25%.  Here’s some help (This is not a template so DO NOT COPY this information below and paste it in your paper –  I provided extra help for assignment #1, but on this assignment you will need to state the issue, rule, analyze the elements and conclude with a minimum amount of my help.
Issue: Your issue must always include the cause of action (Example: battery, assault, fraudulent misrepresentation, contract, etc. Just stating, “Is Jack liable for the injuries is not enough!”)  Your issue must also be in the the form of a question, with a question mark.
Rule: List all 5 elements in one sentence (Do NOT number or bullet point  the elements).  Do not add to you rule.  I should only see these 5 elements on page 120.
Analysis: Complete your analysis on all 5 elements. Your analysis should state the first element followed by “because . . .” Then the second element followed by “because . . .” and so on. (Do NOT number or bullet point the elements)
Conclusion: Conclude if the five elements have been met.
If you fail to use the 5-element rule and prepare an analysis on the same 5 element rule you will not receive credit on this assignment. No exceptions.


You start with your research paper and work on it throughout the semester. Please follow 4 steps when you work on your research paper. Please review Research Paper Grading Criteria Rubric and sample paper in module 5.

Step 1: Select a research topic directly related to marriage and the family covered in the textbook or beyond the book.
Step 2: After you select your paper topic, you review literature. Or you start with literature review and then select a research topic. In literature review, you browse the Internet and visit the library to collect the existing data about the topic under study. There are two purposes of reviewing literature. First, you gather the existing data about the topic under study. Literature review will help you decide how you will work on your paper. By reviewing literature, you will know how to fit your research in the mainstream of the area under study.

Step 3: You formulate a hypothesis. For example, you try to find out the main causes or effects of divorce. You can hypothesize that the loss of sexual desire is more likely to cause divorce. This probably is one of the hypotheses you formulated. Remember that hypotheses should be direct, specific, and measurable. Please post your paper topic and two hypotheses in module 5.
Step 4: You design questionnaire based on your two hypotheses and use your survey results and your secondary sources to support your two hypotheses.
Step 5: You write your paper and please refer to grading criteria and sample paper because your paper is graded according to the grading rubric. Please submit your paper including title page, introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, conclusion, and reference page using APA guidelines in Module 5.
How to formulate a hypothesis?
A hypothesis is a suggested explanation of a phenomenon. A hypothesis is a statement of the relationships between factors or causes and the problem or phenomenon under study.
You as a researcher can identify a problem or phenomenon, find the main causes or effects of the problem, and provide the possible solutions to the problem. For example, if you study the problem of divorce and try to find the main causes of divorce, you may hypothesize that lack of communication is more likely to cause divorce. In this case, lack of communication is one of the main causes of divorce.  Also remember that a hypothesis should be direct, specific, and measurable. For example, if you study gender inequality or women as minority group, you try to argue that women are subordinated and discriminated against. You can hypothesize that women are more likely to earn less income than men do. Income here is measurable and is an indicator to measure discrimination against women. You can examine discrimination against women in aspects of income, power, occupation, education, etc. The following hypotheses might help for brain storm purpose. Your sources that you have collected also will assist you.

A child is more likely to progress when both parents are involved in their education.
Children that their parents are not involved tend to face difficulties in school.
Gays and lesbians are likely to be treated more unfairly when it comes to job offerings.
Children whose parents divorce are more likely to experience emotional and mental trauma.
Children whose parents divorce are more likely to get divorced in the future.
Women who go out with unknown men are more likely to experience date rape.
Adults who experienced child abuse are more likely to be violent or abusive as an adult.
African Americans are less likely to obtain jobs compared to other minorities.
The more a person belongs to minority group, the less likely the person will find employment.
Conduct Disorder is more prevalent in black males than any other minority group.
The wealthy are more likely to obtain the finest health care such as organ transplant.
If healthy food were more accessible and less expensive, there would be less obesity in the United States.
Couples with alcohol addictions are more likely to experience higher domestic violence rates than couples with relatively low levels of alcohol addiction.
Couples with alcohol addictions are more likely to report lower levels of trust and safety.
Children with divorced parents are more likely to experience a different lifestyle than children with married parents.
Children with divorced parents are more likely to experience emotional strain towards their school performance.
Children with a history of abuse are at risk of developing psychiatric problems as adults.
Children who are abused in their childhood are more likely to abuse their own children.


-Family diversity

– family and marriage

-gender and family

-intimacy friendship and Love

-marriage in societal and individual perspective

– marriage work and economic

-intimate violence and sexual abuse

– coming apart : separation and divorce

– new beginnings :single parent families, remarriage, and blended families



The FLSA provides for pay standards for non-exempt employees of employers of a certain size.  Reviewing the requirements for it’s application and the criteria for exempt status of some employees, (go through each) do you believe the Act is fair, extends adequate coverage and meets the goals of the law?  Do you agree with the exemption categories?  Do you think the law is too restrictive/not restrictive enough on employers?  Be sure to explain what aspect of the law you are speaking about and the reasons behind your opinion.


Read article “Katrina & the Core Challenges of Disaster Response” ( )
Read article “The Disasters Inside the Disaster: Hurricane Sandy and Post-Crisis Development” ( )
Submit a 3-5 paper addressing the following:

Explain the emergency response disaster from Hurricane Katrina and describe how these changes in emergency management affected the planning and response toward Hurricane Sandy.



Read article “Katrina & the Core Challenges of Disaster Response” ( )
Read article “The Disasters Inside the Disaster: Hurricane Sandy and Post-Crisis Development” ( )
Submit a 3-5 paper addressing the following:

Explain the emergency response disaster from Hurricane Katrina and describe how these changes in emergency management affected the planning and response toward Hurricane Sandy.



Question 1
#3: (Contract & UCC Case Analysis) (Due at the end of Module 5)

Read CASE BRIEF 11.6
Home Basket Co., LLC v. Pampered Chef, Ltd.
55 UCC Rep.Serv.2d 792 (D. Kan. 2005)
Analyze the case and respond to the questions at the end of the case. Consider the new UCC regarding e-commerce transactions In this case, the court referred the case to arbitration, however, in your paper, discuss the issues that the court would have had to consider if it had not gone to arbitration.
In addition, discuss the history of e-commerce and the social trends that have impacted the changes in the UCC laws. Finally, consider an example of how e-commerce laws have impacted your own life.
The paper should be four to five pages long.

The paper should be in APA 6th Ed. format:

Assignment cover page
Content of the Paper
Reference section

Question 2

The Hangover Part II has been a hotbed of intellectual property issues.  Warner Brothers recently settled a lawsuit brought by the tattoo artist who did Mike Tyson’s facial tattoo that was then replicated on a character in the movie.  Please read Problem 4 on page 549 of the book (Chapter 15) and answer the following questions:
What is the issue in the use of trademarked products in artistic works?
Why is Louis Vuitton so concerned about the use of its products in a film such as the Hangover Part II?
Refer to the MBA Discussions power point presentation for tips on how to gain maximum learning and points from your discussion engagement.

Your participation preparation document should be a substantive response to the question (minimum 250-300 words) in the participation assignment for the week. It should be substantive and scholarly in nature including academically appropriate references (unless you are asked to provide your opinion or a personal reflection on a specific question).





Although most people are surprised by this fact, some mothers who learn that their daughter has reported being sexually molested by a family member choose to disbelieve their child and openly support the accused molester. Moreover, up to 1 in 5 children who report sexual molestation take it back or “recant”.

Discuss why, in many ways it is arguably quite understandable, that mothers choose their mates/family over their children.
Also discuss the interrelationship between maternal support and the disclosure process.



Motion to Enforce Plea AgreementState v. John Doe
Your supervising attorney has advised you that John Doe had initially agreed to take the plea bargain offered by the prosecutor. The prosecutor has since then reviewed the decision and now would like to withdraw the plea offer. Your attorney wants to file a motion to enforce plea agreement and asks you to prepare the motion. Remember, that you are filing this motion on behalf of the defendant. In addition, prepare the following using the templates provided:

Notice of motion to enforce plea agreement
Proposed form of order
Proof of mailing



In Chapter 2, Purposes and Methods of Traffic Enforcement, we learned that the initial moment of personal contact with a motorist always involves some degree of tension.  The reality is that this is not going to be a pleasant experience for the violator.

As the motorist observes the police officer approaching his car in the side-view mirror, his mind is racing with a wide range of possibilities as to how this encounter is going to end.  At the very least he might receive a stern warning and lecture from the officer.  At the very worst, this may cost him a hefty fine and maybe a significant hike in his insurance premiums, or perhaps a suspension on his driver’s license if there are other prior violations.

How that individual will react to these unpleasant possibilities is the unknown factor that creates tension for the police officer.  The officer knows that it is his professional responsibility to behave in a courteous manner even if it means enduring discourtesy or verbal abuse from the motorist.

The idea of following a standard verbal format or script, when engaging in personal contact with a violator may seem strange or restricting to you.  Many officers though have developed their own style or scripts for communicating with violators that work well for them.

In three to four paragraphs, answer the following questions:
1.  Based on what you have learned, how do you feel about the practice of having one prepared “script” for police officers during their contact with a motorist stopped for a traffic violation?  Include how you think rookie police officers should be trained regarding this practice of using a “script” when communicating with traffic violators?
2. What are the advantages of using a prepared “script”?
3. What are the disadvantages of using a prepared “script”?


APER ON: It’s Better Than It Looks: Reasons for Optimism in an Age of Fear By Gregg Easterbrook: buy on google books 2.99
DUE MAY 6th BEFORE MIDNIGHT: MUST BE IN GOOGLE DOC OR MICROSOFT WORD DOC. For this paper, I want you to evaluate Gregg Easterbrook’s argument in his book It’s Better than It Looks. You will produce a 4-7 page paper that forwards an argument and that references the Easterbrook book. The paper should begin with a thesis/main argument, exhibit a strong knowledge of the Easterbrook book and should cite it judiciously. Adding some analysis using the International Justice theories is a bonus, but not mandatory.
You may forward any argument for or against Easterbrook that you like. You can agree with Easterbrook in general or specifically, you can disagree with him generally or specifically, you can focus on the whole book or on specific chapters.
Make sure not to fall into the trap of defusing data with anecdotal evidence alone. For instance, saying the world isn’t really peaceful because of ISIS doesn’t defuse Easterbrook’s argument. He has taken ISIS into account. So you need to take his argument and evidence a little more seriously than that.
Here are some guiding questions in case you need them:
-Is the world really a much better place than it used to be?
-Is Easterbrook too optimistic in his approach? Does he ignore important data?
-What is the role of the media and politicians in sullying our view of the world? Why are they so negative?
-Choose two or three chapters: what are holes in Easterbrook’s arguments in these chapters? What other data or arguments can you propose?



a small case study relevant to contract law  The case will be related to the following topics:

Exclusion clauses

1-page response (approximately 800 – 1000 words) related to the case, using IRAC as your guiding process to formulate your response.

Ability to identify correct issue and apply laws and rules to a case
Use of relevant precedent cases
Strength of argument / clarity of wording, grammar, etc.



Case Brief (10% of Grade):
You can choose one of the cases below.  You will prepare a written brief in the format also outlined below.  Late papers will not be accepted without a documented medical excuse.
Topic  Case Citation

2. Right to Privacy/Abortion    Roe v. Wade,
410 U.S. 113 (1973)
3. Informed Consent/Battery    Duncan v. Scottsdale Med.
vs. Negligence    Imaging, Ltd.70 P.3d 435 (2003)
4. Right to Contraception  Griswold v. Connecticut
381 U.S 479 (1965)
5. Right to Die/End of Life  Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Dept. of
Health,497 U.S. 261 (1990)
6. Affordable Care Act/    King v. Burwell, 576 U.S. (2015)
Individual Mandate
Format for Case Brief:
1. Find and read case. Google Legal Scholar should have additional information on the case.
2. Watch the following video on how to brief a case:
3. Read the following articles on how to brief a case:; 3_156000.pdf.
4. Write the brief in your own words and include the answers to the following in the order presented:
a) The complete title and citation for the case.
b) Explain which court decided this case.
c) How did the case get to the court? Discuss the procedural history of the case.
d) What legal issues were decided by the in this case?
e) Discuss the facts of the case. (Who are parties? What happened?)
f) What did the court decide? Give its holding (decision) and the reasons it gave for the decision (reasoning)?
g) Was the decision unanimous? If not, who dissented and why did they dissent?
h) Why is this case important for health care administrators?
i) What do you think about the decision?




No less than 200 words please

Recently, the WSJ reported on the  upcoming criminal trial of Elizabeth Holmes and Theranos Inc. This has been a fascinating story of one of the largest frauds committed in Silicon Valley.
Instructions: Read through the following two articles and short videos and comment on your impressions of this fraud. I just want you to be exposed to this case.
2/12/2020 WSJ Theranos Judge Narrows Case Against Theranos  (Note: Be sure to see embedded video within this article WSJ John Carryrou Reporting on Theranos and Elizabeth Holmes) as it is a little scary but interesting. (Links to an external site.)

9/15/2018 WSJ Blood Testing Firm Theranos to Dissolve (Links to an external site.)

HBO Documentary Trailer: The Inventor – Out For Blood in Silicon Valley

This is the story of Elizabeth Holmes, a Stanford college dropout who modeled herself after Steve Jobs, the founder of Apple. Ms. Holmes is a great promoter and had the ingenious idea of simplifying the way that blood tests are conducted using a simple drop of blood from your fingertip to complete hundreds of tests instead of big needles in your arm. She surrounded herself with a widely respected Board of Directors that included a previous Secretary of State and two Secretaries of Defense and her clients included Safeway grocery and Walgreens. Prominent investors that contributed over $100 million each included the Walton family of Walmart, Current Secretary of Education Betsy Devos, Rupert Murdock and other prominent investors. She graced the covers of every business magazine and her company that started from her garage was at one point valued at $9 billion. The only problem is the business was a mirage. I have provided a couple of WSJ articles to read and two videos of a few minutes each to see. So check this out and let me know what you think with your texted response.



Review the resources regarding the Liebeck v. McDonald’scase. Think about what you learned about torts in this unit. If you were a member of the jury, would you have decided for Liebeck or for McDonald’s? Be sure to support your position with citation to authority and the elements of negligence.
In response to your peers: In response to your peers: In response to your peers, consider your peers’ response. If they disagree with your response, consider the factual assumptions they have made which form the foundation of their opinion. Can you challenge those assumptions while furthering your discussion? If your responses are similar, consider posing a hypothetical question to test your peer’s conclusions.
Regardless of whether you are an attorney arguing in court or a business stakeholder pitching to shareholders or a potential client, adding support for your argument from appropriate resources strengthens your content. For this discussion board, be sure to include a citation to an appropriate source that supports the point you are making. (HINT: Your textbook is a great source!)



Discussion Board Forum 4
Topic: Generalizing from Survey Findings
Application of Course Concepts
Using your O’Sullivan et al. text, answer the following exercises from Chapter 9:

Exercise 9.2 Section A: Getting Started
Exercise 9.2 Section B: Small Group Exercise
Exercise 9.4 Section A: Getting Started

O’Sullivan, Elizabeth Ann, Gary R. Rassel, and Jocelyn Devance Taliaferro. Practical Research Methods for Nonprofit and Public Administrators. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, Inc, 2011. ISBN: 9780205639465.



Please submit your PowerPoint slides for your research presentation here.
This final presentation will provide a summary of the student’s research topic for the final paper chosen at the beginning of the semester. The goal of this exercise is to concisely summarize the course project and provide the class with an overview of the research question, hypothesis, methodology and findings. Students will be graded on form, presentation style and content.

3-minute presentation
Use of 4 PowerPoint slides
Slide 0 (template outline), DO NOT INCLUDE (see model)

Slide 1: title slide with title, name, affiliation (introduce problem statement; why is it you picked this topic)
Slide 2: research question followed  by hypothesis
[Lit review slide is optional]
Slide 3: Methodology
Slide 4: Findings



Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words:

What are some of the reasons that intellectual property requires different legal protections than tangible or real property?




Discuss the propriety of each of the following actions by management:

In our continuing case with Scott Mayo (the accused) and Basil Scowen (the victim), Mayo shot Scowen after an argument ensued.  Based on the known facts at this time the police appropriately arrested Mayo based on probable cause.  The probable cause utilized in the arrest is Mayo being in possession of a firearm, verbally confessing to shooting Scowen, and witnesses providing eye witness verbal statements on various aspects of the events leading to the shooting.  The totality of all these things combined give a reasonable objective person belief that Mayo shot Scowen.  The police did not violate Mayo’s constitutional rights in not reading him his rights so long as they did not ask him any incriminating questions or questions that can be misconstrued as incriminating.  If Mayo decided to talk about the shooting that would fall under a “sudden utterance” rule.  After Mayo completed his utterance, then the police would need to read him his rights.  It is assumed the police conducted a search incident to arrest of Mayo and based on where he was that search was most likely of his person and any area within arm’s reach.  That said, if the police then searched Mayo’s vehicle without consent or a warrant THEN Mayo’s 4th Amendment right would be violated.  However, that does not seem to be the case here.

respond to this discussion question in 100 words



Complete a case essay on any United States Supreme Court case that involves an interpretation of the Constitution – this encompasses most of the cases that come before the Supreme Court. However, please choose a case that was heard by the Supreme Court from 2009 to the present. Again, please do not choose a case that is older than 2009. This will help ensure that you are writing your essay on current, relevant case law.
– Your essay should be around 2 pages and contain the following information:
– Who is involved in the case?
– How has the case moved through the legal system (who filed it, in what court? What appellate court heard it? How did it get to the Supreme Court?)?
– What was the issue in the case?
– What did the Court decide? (note that the US Supreme Court is called “Court”, not “court” and not “SCOTUS”)
– What was the Court’s analysis (WHY did they decide as they did)?
– Did any Justices dissent, and if so, what did they have to say?
– What is the impact of this case?
The court case to use is: Gamble v United States


Please remember that if you cut and paste something from the internet into your assignment, that is plagiarism and you will receive a 0 for the assignment and be reported to the school. Please note that any site ending with “pedia”is not a reliable site and will not be accepted as a resource. The rubric for this assignment is attached.

Please make sure you are not copying and pasting from your source. Most of the material should be paraphrased in your own words; verbatim quotations should make up no more than 10% of the essay.  Since the purpose to is highlight and summarize key information, merely copying and pasting from the case does not accomplish this goal. Please use your own words and use quotations sparingly.


IRAC the following scenarios on one (1) document and upload the document in Canvas  (One IRAC for each scenario – a total of three separate IRACs on one  (1) Microsoft Word Document).
Paula runs a bacon wrapped hotdog cart in front of the Los Angeles Coliseum. She has a sign on the cart that says:
Bacon Wrapped Hotdogs for $5.00
After a USC game, Peter walks up to the cart and says, “I’ll take two dogs”. Paula prepares the two bacon wrapped hotdogs and hands them to him, and Peter hands Paula the $10. IRAC only the formation of this contract.
Jill is an artist and paints decorations on business windows during Christmas, Easter, Thanksgiving, and for other holidays and special events. Jack owns a retail store in downtown Glendora, and is reopening his store next week with new products. On Thursday Jack sees Jill eating breakfast outside at Ed’s Spot. While walking by, Jack says to Jill, “Hey Jill if you have time this weekend, if you paint ‘Grand Re-opening’ on my front window I will pay you $50. Jill says, “I’m pretty busy but if I have time, I’ll take care of that for you.” IRAC
Paula runs a bacon wrapped hotdog cart in front of the Los Angeles Coliseum. She has a sign on the cart that says:
Bacon Wrapped Hotdogs for $5.00
After a USC game, Peter walks up to the cart and says, “I’ll take two dogs for $7.50”. Paula says, the best deal I can give you is two dogs for $9.00. Peter says, “I’ll take them”, and hands her the $9.00. IRAC only the formation of this contract.



 Ethical theories are a relevant issue when looking at leadership.   Moral flexibility of leadership approaches will imply that different  reasons are used for different theories at different times during a law  enforcement career (Dion, Michel, 1970).  Not all theories will be able  to be applied for all situations that a law enforcement officer will  face.  These theories will be evolved over time, and then once  “mastered” an officer would be able to successfully use the theories in  their leadership roles.
When individuals find themselves in a decision-making situation when  ethics are in play, there are a variety of ethical theories (decision  rules) which provide decision-making guidance as individuals strive to  make ethically correct answers (Chonko, 2012).  With that being said  each law enforcement officer will have to make sure that they  (themselves) are following the ethic code.  Before accusing another law  enforcement officer of doing something ethically wrong the accusing  officer needs to make sure that no backfire could happen to them.

respond to this discussion question in 150 words


In a seamless posting, please incorporate the following questions into your initial postings:
Under the heading method and design in your research proposal regardless of the method/approach used qualitative, quantitative, or mix methods, you will need to discuss the data collection instrument (tool) you propose to use to gather data. Instrument is the general term that researchers use for a measurement device (survey, questionnaire, test, interview, observation, etc.). Discuss the instrument you intend to use in your research proposal and how you intend to address the instrument’s validity and reliability noting the different types of each.
Student expectations for Forum questions:

Your initial Forum posts require a minimum of a 500 word substantive response.
Original responses to the Forum group question need to be substantial and significant supported by at least one additional scholarly reference that goes beyond the readings.Students should be using the APUS Online Library to search for peer-reviewed journal articles that help support their argument. The in-text citation and references will be formatted in APA Style. Your original posting should be posted as a response to the Forum question. Please be sure to use your own words; meet the deliverable length; support your main post (in-text citations AND list of references); use paragraphs in your main post to organize your points and make it more reader-friendly; and post three time per week. Please avoid “i” … etc and be sure to start each new sentence with a capital letter.

Your response to your peers work should be engaging and informative with good substance. Your responses should contribute in a meaningful way to helping advance our knowledge of the topics the class explores.

There is help with proper APA Style formatting in the lessons and resource sections of the electronic classroom, which can be found on the menu bar on the course homepage.



  1. How is the discretion of CO’s like police officers and court personnel’s discretion?

    2. Describe the role ambiguity that COs faced in the 1970s and 1980s.

    3. What are the ethical issues for treatment professionals in corrections?

    4. Explain the two areas where probation and parole officers have discretion.

    5. What are the role types of probation and parole officers? Describe them.


kuwait petroleum law

Create an ethical code of conduct for those in governance, management, and professional staff for this type of health care organization:

· Specialty Hospital (Inpatient Acute Rehabilitation Hospital also known as IRF Inpatient Rehab Facility) see

6 to 8 page paper (excluding title and reference pages), discuss the following:

· Organization structure of the facility and duties/ responsibilities of those in management and professional staff.

· Two possible ethical dilemmas that may be encountered.

· Ethical standards for those in governance, management, and professional staff.

· Ways to implement the ethical code of conduct and ensure compliance.

· Consequences if there is a violation of the code of ethics.

Write in 3rd person. Follow APA guidelines.
At least six scholarly reviewed sources that were published within the past five years.



I need help with these 5 Business Law and the Regulations of Business case questions. The answers are due at 7pm today.

The answers should include the law and the articles from UCC and must be well detailed!

Thank You.




Situation 3
You are a court administrator and really like Judge Sonyer, your boss. He is pleasant, punctual, and hardworking. One day, you hear him talking to the prosecutor in chambers. He is talking about the defendant in a trial that is about to start, and you hear him say that “the son-of-a-bitch is as guilty as sin.” You happen to be in law school and know that, first, the prosecutor and judge should not be talking about the case without the presence of the defense attorney, and, second, the judge has expressed a preexisting bias. The judge’s statement is even more problematic because this is a bench trial and he is the sole determiner of guilt or innocence. What would you do?



Why is it important for a paralegal or legal professional to be adept at writing, research, and analysis? Isn’t most of the legal field just forms that are filled out each day? Why are the skills in these chapters important?  Respond with a substantive post of at least 200 words to the initial question


When we read the Fourth Amendment it tells us that every citizen of this country has the right to be secure in their persons, their homes, their papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures by the government without a warrant. Most of us are not trained as a Lawyer and it hinders our understanding of the law most of the time. But the fourth should be crystal clear to the majority of us. What was the state basing its decision on when it stated, “had a diagnosis of major depression with suicidal tendencies”? Was this during his teenage commitment or was it more recent? I will assume it was based on the aforementioned institutionalization as a teen. If the state is basing its decision on that particular incident, then I feel Todd has a valid argument as to the state’s wrongful seizure of his “automatic weapons”.  I feel that Todd has a particularly good case against the state as I believe this very well could be ex post facto. He could legally possess these weapons before the enactment of this new law. Article 1 section 9 of the US Constitution prohibits the federal government from passing a law that applies ex post facto where Article 1 section 10 applies it to the states (Ex Post Facto, 2020). Also, I saw no indication of due process where Todd was in court or was represented in court to argue this as well. I’ll conclude with this, in Federalist, No. 46 James Madison said this: “the advantage of being armed which Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation. . . (where) the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms.

respond to this discussion question in 100 words



As Discuss In Question



“Propensity to disease” is a very broad term in the health law realm. Should “propensity to disease” be limited to those instances in which there exists a clear physical marker (chemical or biological) of an identified health problem potentially on the horizon, or is it also acceptable (legally justifiable) to include other indicators less concrete such as “family history” where there may be statistical evidence (or not?), however, no known physical marker has been clearly identified at present? Secondly, is it fundamentally fair to deny an individual a verdict of “good health” (legally speaking) specifically and ONLY because of a genetic predisposition to a particular disease?



I am looking for an English Major or Law professor to proofread and revise my personal statement for my admissions process to law school. It is 3 pages long and already written.

I just want someone to fix the sentence formation if necessary, add/change anything you feel should be in the statement.

maybe include somewhere that I am of a Hispanic Colombian background, born in America.

write side notes to any comments you may have on the statement.

AKA perfect my personal statement! thank you.




What do you think are the pros and cons of being an investigator/detective? Does this type of work sound attractive to you? Why, or why not?  Discuss: a minimum of 250 words (main post) and three scholarly sources.





I am seeking assistance from a law major with the attached assignment, preferably with access to the following resource:  Jennings, M.M. 2016. Real Estate Law, 11th edition
Thank you.


100% Original Work.

Graduate Level Writing Required.

DUE: Friday, April 24, 2020 by 5pm Eastern Standard Time.

Select one component of the criminal justice system. (Law enforcement, prosecution, defense attorneys, courts, or corrections)

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper on organizational behavior in a criminal justice or security agency. In your paper include:

-The basic concepts of organizational behavior and how it relates to the field.

-What you believe are important elements of organizational behavior and how these elements can challenge the effectiveness of an agency.

-The challenges and opportunities globalization bring to criminal justice organizations.

Include at least three peer-reviewed sources in your paper and one additional scholarly reference.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Must Be Graduate Level Writing.

100% Original Work.





Read the NHTSA’s “Crash Risk” study. Prepare a 1200 word peer-review article analysis to include the following points. Be sure to cite a minimum of three all sources. A title and reference page are required and do not count towards word count.

Describe what a population-based case-control study is and why it is appropriate to use for this type of study.
Summarize the statistical data presented in the article and how it relates to other data studied in this course.
Discuss both the results of the study and how the results compare to other studies mentioned in the article. What factors impact these results? Be sure to address each of the following factors:

Data collection methodology
Alcohol use
Marijuana use
Multi-substance use
Driver demographics
Sample population

How do the results effect your understanding of traffic crash risks?



Each question needs to be answered in its entirety minimum of two paragraphs  All answers should be presented as an original work of the student and represent college-level writing. All essay answers will be run through Safe Assign to check for plagiarism.

Question 1
Apply a Biblical perspective to leadership and management within a public organization.

Question 2
Apply leadership concepts to the public administration context.

Question 3
Evaluate management roles in the public administration context.

Question 4
Synthesize leadership and management best practices within the public administration context.



Public Health Law and Policy
Discussion question (250-275 words) APA format, requires scholarly, peer-reviewed sources.
1. Share your thoughts regarding the public policy implications of the government suing the tobacco industry.
2. Comment on the role of the government vis-а-vis the scope and function of public health.
3. Discuss how much influence lobby groups should have on public health policy.



the book that needs to get the info from

Imagine that you are a paralegal in law firm. You have been tasked with drafting the initial memo regarding the case of a new client to the firm, Ms. Baker. After interviewing Ms. Baker, you learned the following:
Ms. Baker, a resident of Connecticut, was on road trip to visit the world’s largest ball of twine in Cawker City, Kansas. When she was driving in Kansas, her car was hit from behind by Ms. Smith, a Kansas resident. Unfortunately, Ms. Baker’s car was totaled, she suffered injuries, emotional distress and lost time from work. Her damages exceeded $75,000. The police determined the accident was wholly the faulty of Ms. Smith.
• Use the attached Memo template.
• Draft an office memorandum to your supervising attorney in which you answer
the following questions:
• Can this case be filed in federal court? Why? (HINT: See Diversity
• Identify and explain the first document that the firm should file in court on
behalf of Ms. Baker that will let Ms. Smith know that she is being sued.
• Identify what information should be sought in discovery.
• Identify and explain witnesses that should be called on behalf of Ms.
Baker at trial.
• Would ADR be helpful in this case? Why?
• Use APA format for non-legal sources such as the textbook. Use Bluebook citation format for any legal citations.
• Submit a Word document using the Memo template.
• Maximum two pages in length, excluding the Reference page.



Paula Plaintiff’s Really Bad Week, Part 2
In this assignment, you’ll need to decide whether Paula Plaintiff has any legal claims arising from another series of unfortunate events. After reading the scenario, answer the questions that follow, making sure to fully explain the basis of your decision.
Paula’s bad luck continues. Five days after the events detailed in your last assignment, Paula returns to work at Capstone Corporation. Unfortunately, she used her company e-mail to send her mom a personal note about her injuries, despite being aware that Capstone’s company policy prohibits use of company e-mail for personal communication. Paula’s supervisor, Mikey Manager, discovers Paula’s violation and Paula is reprimanded. When Paula goes home, she uses her personal computer to post disparaging comments about her boss and Capstone Corporation on social media. The next day, Paula is fired from her job.
After several days of bad luck, Paula believes her luck is about to change. She finds a new job in a nearby town. Paula had been using the bus to go to work at Capstone Corporation, but she will need to purchase a car to commute to her new job. Fortunately, her neighbor Freddy Ford has just purchased a new vehicle and is selling his old Mustang. Paula meets with Freddy and agrees to purchase the Mustang for $1000. The parties also agree that Paula will bring Freddy the money the next day when she picks up the car. The next day, Paula calls Freddy and says, “I have the money. I’d like to come pick up my car.” Freddy replies that Paula is too late. He sold the car earlier in the day.
In a 6–10 paragraph paper, answer the following questions:

Does Paula have any legal claims against Capstone Corporation? What about Paula’s actions? Does Paula have a contract with Freddy to purchase the car? Consider the following:

Does Paula have a right to privacy when using Capstone Corporation’s e-mail system? Discuss one’s right to privacy and relate it to the facts in the scenario.
Can Paula be legally fired from her job for making negative comments about her boss and her company on social media? What about free speech? Discuss these issues and relate them to the facts of the scenario.
Do Paula and Freddy have a contract for the sale of the Mustang? Discuss the elements of a contract and relate those elements to the facts of the scenario.

You will create and submit your assignment by using the ecree link. Just click on the link and start writing. Your work will be saved automatically. You’ll see some feedback on the right-hand side of the screen, including text and videos to help guide you in the writing process. When you’re ready, you can turn in your assignment by clicking Submit at the bottom of the page.
Click the assignment link to start your assignment in ecree. Please note that ecree works best in Firefox and Chrome.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:




Please please please follow the instruction carefully.

This is Law final 6 pages paper, based on an actual case that happened in the US, in Tennessee.

The work is to read about the case attached and advocate for (Tennessee Excavating.)

Read the attachment ( Assignment Explained.pdf ) file.

You will find instruction from the Professor and my name attached to the work assigned.

Jian – (Northwestern Motorsports/Tennessee excavating – Advocate for Tennessee Excavating)

If you have any questions let me know please.

I will upload 9 more files related to the trial

Thank you !



the case is at the following link:

Organization and Headings
1.  Case Heading and citation
2.  Facts:  Explain what happened
3.  Issue of law:  Explain what legal issue the court had to determine
4.  Decision:  Explain the basis for the decision.  Show how the law was applied to the facts.
5.  Opinion:  Share your opinion on the fairness or correctness of the decision



What is meant by “Fundamental Fairness”?
What are the various components of due process in criminal procedure?  In your response, include some examples of procedural protections that are afforded to individuals in a criminal case.
How does the court balances individual rights against government interests?

200 words



Assignment in which I have to advice a business man who wants to establish a hotel with food and beverage facilities in Singapore. The areas you advice: 1. The legal responsibilities of a hotel  operator to guests. 2. The legal and regulatory  framework relevant to tourism, hospitality and events management. Must use one Singapore law and not foreign law. Maximum is 2000 words.



Help with my discussion.

In a 5-page paper, address the following elements: 1. Provide a description of the back ground on the topic of Human Trafficking in the United States and Abroad on which you would like to conduct a study (several paragraphs; include three sources and use quotes where applicable that demonstrate the problem exists), 2. Write a problem-statement in one short paragraph (based on first element), 3. Write a research question your study will answer (based on the problem-statement). 4. Describe and explain how Action Research will answer your research question. These elements are the beginning of Chapter 1 Introduction for your thesis paper; see course for details).
Note: An element of this opening assignment is to begin a literature search. You will identify an issue or problem that requires a solution; review existing literature (professional articles, other studies, etc.) that lends evidence to there being a problem as well as suggestions for solutions. From this you will construct a research question (week 2) and design a basic study to answer these questions (weeks 3-5). Your effort here should be as complete as possible at this time as it constitutes Chapter One: Introduction of your thesis paper (the more complete this section is written now the less you will have to do in the later part of this course).
Use APA format (e.g., TR, 12 pt type). Include a reference page with a minimum of three sources for each of the two sections or a total of six references (use in-text citations pertaining to these sources).
·  Format – Follow APA format/ standards, for example:
· Title page – Follow standard format
Font – Use Times New Roman, 12 point.
Margins – See your APA manual.
· Page numbers – Include page numbers in the upper right hand corner.
· Headings and subheadings – See your APA manual (p. 113) for information about the placement of headings and subheadings.
· References – Number of references noted in course.
· All references must be used and cited in the text of your paper.
· At least five sources must come from major academic journals, such as those that are “peer reviewed” in EBSCOHOST electronic databases.

Week 1 Written Assignment Rubric
Quality of Content (80 Points)
___/20:  Description of background of the topic (purpose, significance, etc.)
___/40:  Draft of P/S and research question
___/10:  Explanation of how Action Research will answer your research question
___/10:  Conclusion
Quality of Writing (20 Points)
___/ 5:  Format – Text meets APA/MSE standards.
___/ 5:  Organization – Organization of paper demonstrates critical thinking.  (Paper contains cover page, introduction, conclusion, headings, and effective transitions).
___/ 5:  Precision – Student uses terminology and writes clearly and concisely.
___/ 5:  Mechanics – Student spells, constructs sentences, and punctuates correctly.


1) Why is an arbitrator’s decision likely to be a compromise? Do you think that it is good or bad? Do you think that is a better result than going to trial? Why?

2) What are the merits and demerits of protecting an invention through a patent instead of trade secret law? Which one do you think is better at protecting an invention? Why?

no copy, turnitin


I have attached a Word.doc below as an outline that you may use, if you choose, for the purpose of completing the mid-term exam.  Should you choose not to use the outline that I have provided, you must provide your own version, which is in the same format and structure as the one I have provided.
The mid-term exam is an essay and consists of your ability to write on the topics that we have covered in the text, to date. I have provided the heading for each paragraph and you must provide the narrative and the sub-headings, as applicable.

So far, we have covered chapters 1 through 8 of our text, to include the following topics: ethics, morals, justice, influence, police, discretion, corruption and law. Your exam will consist of a summary for each topic already studied.
Your essay should be written as a college level paper: cover page, professional formatting (e.g., APA style), and should provide the resource(s) used when using quotes or other published work. Your spelling and grammar matters. Your essay should be no less that 1500 words in length, which is very short in comparison to 8 chapters of text.

HINT: Your posts in response to the STUDY QUESTIONS after each chapter is a GREAT RESOURCE for the information you might use to write your essay with.



what you have learned about the law,   including constitutional, statutory, administrative, and common law   and dispute resolution, address each of the  questions   below in a 250-word response. In your discussion of each case   question, cite supporting evidence from the topic materials to justify   your responses.

1)Lance, a hacker, stole 15,000 credit card numbers and sold them on the black mar-ket, making millions. Police caught Lance, and two legal actions followed, one civil and one criminal. Who will be responsible for bringing the civil case? What will  be the outcome if the jury believes that Lance was responsible for identity thefts? Who will be responsible for bringing the criminal case? What will be the outcome if the jury believes that Lance stole the numbers?

2)_Carter was an employee of the Sheriff’s office in Hampton, Virginia. When his boss, Sheriff Roberts, was up for reelection against Adams, Carter “liked” the Adams campaign’s Facebook page. Upon winning reelection, Sheriff Roberts fired Carter, who then sued on free speech grounds. Is a Facebook “like” protected under the First Amendment?

3. State which court(s) have jurisdiction as to each of these lawsuits
(a) Pat wants to sue his next-door neighbor Dorothy, claiming that Dorothy prom-ised to sell him her house.
(b) Paula, who lives in New York City, wants to sue Dizzy Movie Theatres, whose principal place of business is Dallas. She claims that while she was in Texas on holiday, she was injured by their negligent maintenance of a stairway. She claims damages of $30,000.
(c) Phil lives in Tennessee. He wants to sue Dick, who lives in Ohio. Phil claims that Dick agreed to sell him 3,000 acres of farmland in Ohio, worth over $2 million.
(d) Pete, incarcerated in a federal prison in Kansas, wants to sue the U.S. govern-ment. He claims that his treatment by prison authorities violates three federal statutes.


Discussion : 1 Private University, a private nonprofit educational institution located in Califor­nia, decides to issue “Shares in Learning” certificates in a one-time offering to the public. These shares will be sold for $500 each and entitle the bearer to redeem each certificate for two undergraduate or one graduate college credit in any of its schools at any time in the future. The shares may also be resold without restric­tion by the initial purchaser. The offering will be made via the Internet.
Will the offering need to be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under the Securities Act of 1933? Explain. Does your answer differ if “Shares in Learning” are issued by Private College, a proprietary for-profit institution that does business in all 50 states? Why?


In 2011, AT&T attempted a merger with T-Mobile. The Justice Department sued under the act, claiming that the merger would constitute a violation of the antitrust laws. In 2012, AT&T dropped its attempt at the acquisition.
If AT&T had merged with T-Mobile, would the merger have violated antitrust laws? Why, or why not? Do not be unduly influenced by the Justice Department’s stance on the issue. Use your own analysis to reach a conclusion.



Case Brief (10% of Grade):
You can choose one of the cases below.  You will prepare a written brief in the format also outlined below.  Late papers will not be accepted without a documented medical excuse.
Topic  Case Citation
1. Affordable Care Act/    Burwell v. Hobby Lobby,
Contraception    573 U.S. (2014)
2. Right to Privacy/Abortion    Roe v. Wade,
410 U.S. 113 (1973)
3. Informed Consent/Battery    Duncan v. Scottsdale Med.
vs. Negligence    Imaging, Ltd.70 P.3d 435 (2003)
4. Right to Contraception  Griswold v. Connecticut
381 U.S 479 (1965)
5. Right to Die/End of Life  Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Dept. of
Health,497 U.S. 261 (1990)
6. Affordable Care Act/    King v. Burwell, 576 U.S. (2015)
Individual Mandate
Format for Case Brief:
1. Find and read case. Google Legal Scholar should have additional information on the case.
2. Watch the following video on how to brief a case:
3. Read the following articles on how to brief a case:; 3_156000.pdf.
4. Write the brief in your own words and include the answers to the following in the order presented:
a) The complete title and citation for the case.
b) Explain which court decided this case.
c) How did the case get to the court? Discuss the procedural history of the case.
d) What legal issues were decided by the in this case?
e) Discuss the facts of the case. (Who are parties? What happened?)
f) What did the court decide? Give its holding (decision) and the reasons it gave for the decision (reasoning)?
g) Was the decision unanimous? If not, who dissented and why did they dissent?
h) Why is this case important for health care administrators?
i) What do you think about the decision?


What exactly is the litigation process [what happens in a lawsuit]?
Lawyers must decide whether or not a particular state or federal court has jurisdiction over a dispute. What district or county court or Federal court is the correct place to file? Is the plaintiff the right person to sue? Do they have ‘standing’?
Cases usually begin with the filing of a Complaint and then the service of a Summons notifying the Defendant that they have a limited period of time to respond to the the court and the Plaintiff. A Defendant will typically file an Answer and may also seek dismissal of the lawsuit on procedural or other grounds. Trials typically occur after a period of many months during which time the parties seek and exchange information including statements of witnesses and relevant documents or other evidence. If a case cannot be resolved the court will schedule a trial. At the trial pre-trial orders and rules of evidence strictly control what may be said by a witness or entered into evidence to be considered by a judge or a jury.
Litigation is both time consuming and expensive. Is there a better way? There are a number of options for parties who seek to augment or avoid litigation altogether. The catch? The parties must agree. Alternative dispute resolution in order to be binding upon the parties must agree to substitute an alternative process foregoing their right to a trial before a judge or a jury. If most people were able to compromise and agree they probably would have already resolved their differences. Sometimes a judge will encourage the parties to seek alternatives. I had a case where the parties resolved their case through professional private mediation after a trial but before the court issued a decision!

Post to Discussion Board one (1) webliography assignment from Chapters 3 and 4. Select your own questions from the “Review Questions and Problems” at the end of each chapter.
Post to Discussion Board one (1) answer to a “Business Discussion” question listed at the end of Chapters 3 and 4..


Jackie Patch, a Hispanic female, applied for a sales position in Ames Department Stores in Seattle. After completing her application, she was asked to take a math test and a general aptitude test. As a result of her score, she was disqualified from consideration for the sales position.  Based on this scenario, argue whether or not you believe that this testing policy is a violation of Title VII.   Explain when an employer can use an Aptitude and/or other tests and how tests are validated.
What are the two forms of sexual harassment discrimination and provide an example of each.  If your boss liked to hug employees in the morning for a job well done, is that sexual harassment?  Why or why not?


Need to answer some questions